Attention- deficit/ hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is considered a neurodevelopmental condition that affects individuals of all ages, and can enhance or diminish at any point in ones lifetime. When it comes to ADHD, there is unfortunetly no single set underlying cure. There are some coping mechanisms that may help cope with the symptoms of ADHD, but medication is a crucial component for treatment of attention deficit and hyper activity symptoms. Dr Kothari, a long standing psychiatrist in Boca Raton specializes in ADHD.
In this blog, we will explore the multiple formulas and names of medication, and consider the best options for children and adults. We will also highlight some of the newest medications availible and who they most thoroughly benefit.
ADHD medications typically fall into two categories: stimulants and non-stimulants. Stimulants, such as methylphenidate and amphetimene- based formulas are commonly prescribed to those who solely struggle with ADHD, and no additional mental health issues (anxiety, depression, OCD, etc). Non- stimulants, such as atomoxetine and guanfacine, are alternative options for those who may not tolerate or respond well to the above stimulants. This blog will most thoroughly cover stimulant medications.
The newest prescribed stimulant medications that are methylphenidate based are sold under brand names listed as : Azystars (effective 30 minutes post consumption, with maximum duration of 12 hours), Cotempla XR-ODT (effective 1 hour post consumption, with maximum duration of 12 hours) , Jornay PM (effective 10 hours post consumption, with maximum duration of 23 hours), Quillivant XR ( effective 45 minutes post consumption, with maximum duration of 12 hours), and QuilliChew ER ( effective 2 hours post consumption, with maximum duration of 8 hours). The most commonly prescribed stimulant medications that are Amphetamine based are sold under brand names listed as: Adzenys XR-ODT (effective 1 hour and 30 minutes post consumption, with maximum duration of 12 hours and 30 minutes), and Dyanavel XR (effective 30 minutes post consumption, with maximum duration of 13 hours).Each of these medications comes in 2-6 different forms (mg tabs). Your doctor or psychiatrist will prescribe you the dosage most tailored to your needs and severity. Typically, a doctor will begin you with a lower dosage, and work you up if needed.
Medications that are labeled “XR” are a time release formula, meaning it releases on a schedule throughout the day. Medications that are labeled “ER” are extended release formulas. These are very similar to those labeled “XR” except they are typically taken twice rather than once daily. It is also released slightly slower into the body. Medications that are labeled “IR” are immediate release formulas.
For parents considering medicating their child, stimulant medications are most common due to its effectiveness and safety. If treatment is started at a young age (after 6), it can ensure early onset success academically, improve friendships and social interactions, and even improve family life.
Ask your child's doctor about Dyanavel XR, Quillivant XR, Adzenys XR, Cotempla XR, Dyanavel XR, or Quilichew ER. These are all medications that come in alternative forms, if your child has trouble with pill swallowing.
For adults, your doctor will assess your needs by asking a series of questions about your history, lifestyle, preferences, and symptoms. These questions will further allow them to infer which medication will best suit you as an individual. They will then typically follow up a few weeks out, asking how the medication has been treating you. They will either increase, decrease or continue the medication dosage as needed.
ADHD medication plays a vital role in managing symptoms for all ages. There are options and alternatives to suit all needs or setbacks.
While these newer medications have emerged and most definitely have their benefits, it is essential to consult a doctor for the most personalized and individual medical recommendations Dr Kothari in Boca Raton specializes in finding the right treatment protocol for ADHD, she specializes in ADHD.