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Covid 19, Quarantine and College

Covid 19, Quarantine and College

There has been concerns in the medical community and lay community at large that Covid 19 on College Campuses is growing exponentially. It is a hazard to the adults especially the elderly. There is a concern that young adults have not quite grasped the significant and serious hazards of the condition. Child psychiatrists and adult psychiatrists alike feel that college is a transitional age with young people at varying maturity. Professors and University Administrators are concerned college students are not taking seriously health precautions such as mask wearing, hand cleansing and social distancing. Please note the study below as it is interesting on the level of stress and mental health issues young people are tackling during the crisis.

As the COVID-19 pandemic stretches into its 8th month in the United States, with many people still maintaining the self-isolation from the earliest months, the mental health toll has become an increasing topic of discussion. A study of French university students in JAMA Network Open offers some insight into the mental health state of the students and the factors that are linked to developing mental health symptoms.1

The researchers asked all French universities to send an email to their students to complete an online questionnaire. Each participant was asked about a variety of mental health concerns including suicidal thoughts, stress, anxiety, and depression. They were assessed with the 22-item Impact of Events Scale–Revised, the 10-item Perceived Stress Scale, the 20-item State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (State subscale), and the 13-item Beck Depression Inventory. Care seeking data were also collected.

From a targeted population of 1,600,000 students, 69,054 students completed the survey. Most of the respondents were women (50,251 [72.8%]) and many were first-year students (32,424 [47.0%]). The students reported a prevalence of suicidal thoughts 11.4% (7891 students), severe distress (22.4% (15,463 students), high level of perceived stress 24.7% (17,093 students), severe depression 16.1% (11,133 students), and high level of anxiety 27.5% (18,970 students). Among the 29,564 students who reported at least 1 mental health outcome, 3675 of them said they had seen a health professional. Reporting at least 1 of the mental health outcomes was associated with a number of factors, including:

  • female gender (odds ratio [OR], 2.10; 95% CI, 2.02-2.19; P < .001)
  • nonbinary gender (OR, 3.57; 95% CI, 2.99-4.27; P < .001)
  • precariousness (loss of income: OR, 1.28; 95% CI, 1.22-1.33; P < .001; low-quality housing: OR, 2.30; 95% CI, 2.06-2.57; P < .001), history of psychiatric follow-up (OR, 3.28; 95% CI, 3.09-3.48; P < .001)
  • symptoms compatible with COVID-19 (OR, 1.55; 95% CI, 1.49-1.61; P < .001)
  • social isolation (weak sense of integration: OR, 3.63; 95% CI, 3.35-3.92; P < .001; low quality of social relations: OR, 2.62; 95% CI, 2.49-2.75; P < .001), and
  • low quality of the information received (OR, 1.56; 95% CI, 1.49-1.64; P < .001)

The researchers concluded that university students reported a high rate of mental distress during the COVID-19 quarantine, with certain populations at greater potential risk. They believe that their results highlight the need to maintain contact with students, ensuring that they are in a safe place. Additionally, promoting access to care should be encouraged.

References

  1. Wathelet M, Duhem S, Vaiva G, et al. Factors associated with mental health disorders among university students in France confined during the COVID-19 pandemic. JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(10):e2025591. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.25591.

 

Dr. Priti Kothari
Child, Adolescent & Adult Psychiatry
priti kothari
Dr. Priti Kothari is a board certified child, adolescent and adult psychiatrist with fellowship training at John Hopkins Medical Center. Dr. Kothari completed her undergraduate studies at Princeton University with a major in Anthropology and a concentration in Women’s Studies. She then went on to perform research in Eating Disorders at Hunter College/CUNY with an affiliation to Cornell Medical Center. She completed Medical School at Ross University and did her Adult Psychiatry Training at University of Maryland/Sheppard Pratt Hospitals. Subsequently, she completed Child and Adolescent Psychiatry Fellowship Training at Johns Hopkins Hospital in Baltimore, Maryland.
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  • Princeton University
  • Johns Hopkins School of Medicine
  • Indo American Psychiatric Association
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  • International OCD Foundation
  • Tourette Association of America
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  • American Association of Physicians of Indian Origin (AAPI)
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  • American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
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